Fast Hyperspectral Unmixing in Presence of Nonlinearity or Mismodelling Effects

Abderrahim Halimi, Jose M. Bioucas-Dias, Nicolas Dobigeon, Gerald Stuart Buller, Stephen McLaughlin

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Abstract

This paper presents two novel hyperspectral mixture models and associated unmixing algorithms. The two models assume a linear mixing model corrupted by an additive term whose expression can be adapted to account for multiple scattering nonlinearities (NL), or mismodelling effects (ME). The NL model generalizes bilinear models by taking into account higher order interaction terms. The ME model accounts for different effects such as endmember variability or the presence of outliers. The abundance and residual parameters of these models are estimated by considering a convex formulation suitable for fast estimation algorithms. This formulation accounts for constraints such as the sum-to-one and non-negativity of the abundances, the non-negativity of the nonlinearity coefficients, the spectral smoothness of the ME terms and the spatial sparseness of the residuals. The resulting convex problem is solved using the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) whose convergence is ensured theoretically. The proposed mixture models and their unmixing algorithms are validated on both synthetic and real images showing competitive results regarding the quality of the inference and the computational complexity when compared to the state-of-the-art algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-159
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging
Volume3
Issue number2
Early online date22 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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