Fast energy transfer mediated by multi-quanta bound states in a nonlinear quantum lattice

C. Falvo, V. Pouthier, J. C. Eilbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By using a Generalized Hubbard model for bosons, the energy transfer in a nonlinear quantum lattice is studied, with special emphasis on the interplay between local and nonlocal nonlinearity. For a strong local nonlinearity, it is shown that the creation of v quanta on one site excites a soliton band formed by bound states involving v quanta trapped on the same site. The energy is first localized on the excited site over a significant timescale and then slowly delocalizes along the lattice. When the nonlocal nonlinearity increases, a faster dynamics occurs and the energy propagates more rapidly along the lattice. Nevertheless, the larger is the number of quanta, the slower is the dynamics. However, it is shown that when the nonlocal nonlinearity reaches a critical value, the lattice suddenly supports a very fast energy propagation whose dynamics is almost independent of the number of quanta. The energy is transfered by specific bound states formed by the superimposition of states involving v - p quanta trapped on one site and p quanta trapped on the nearest neighbour sites, with p = 0, ..., v - 1. These bound states behave as independent quanta and they exhibit a dynamics which is insensitive to the nonlinearity and controlled by the single quantum hopping constant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-71
Number of pages14
JournalPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
Volume221
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Bound states
  • Energy transfer
  • Nonlinear quantum lattice
  • Quantum breathers

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