Failure Detection within Composite Materials in System Engineering Applications

Mark Bowkett, Mian Hammad Nazir*, Muhammad Hussain, Zulfiqar Ahmad Khan, Rizwan Akram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper introduces essential key attributes of composite materials with a focus on carbon fibre (CF), followed by a description of common failure modes and proceeds to an investigation of stiffness of continuous CF laminates of 4-ply and 7-ply epoxy resin in prepreg and wet layup. The three-point flexural test was performed with a Zwick Z010 machine, and the findings are presented. Continuing to real world failure scenarios and moving onto novel concept methods of live failure detection including scope for wood composites. Showing that early design considerations and further research can lead to advantages for system engineering.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4283
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2022


  • carbon fibre
  • composite
  • failure detection
  • flexural test
  • fracture point

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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