Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Body Appreciation Scale among adults in Hong Kong

Siu-Kuen Ng, David Barron, Viren Swami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has suggested that the factor structure of Body Appreciation Scale (BAS), a widely-used measure of positive body image, may not be cross-culturally equivalent. Here, we used confirmatory factor analysis to evaluate the conceptual equivalence of a Chinese (Cantonese) translation of the BAS among women (n=1319) and men (n=1084) in Hong Kong. Results showed that neither the one-dimensional nor proposed two-dimensional factor structures had adequate fit. Instead, a modified two-dimensional structure, which retained 9 of the 13 BAS items in two factors, had the best fit. However, only one of these factors, reflective of General Body Appreciation, had adequate internal consistency. This factor also had good patterns of construct validity, as indicated through significant correlations with participant body mass index, self-esteem, and (among women) actual-ideal weight discrepancy. The present results suggest that there may be cultural differences in the concept and experience of body appreciation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBody Image
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Students/psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires/standards
  • Young Adult

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Body Appreciation Scale among adults in Hong Kong'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this