Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2)

Viren Swami, Nor Azzatunnisak Mohd Khatib, Evelyn Toh, Hanoor Syahirah Zahari, Jennifer Todd, David Barron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a widely-used measure of a facet of positive body image. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the BAS-2 in a community sample of Malaysian Malay and Chinese adults (N = 781). Participants completed the Malay BAS-2 alongside demographic items and measures of subjective happiness, life satisfaction, actual-ideal weight discrepancy (women only), drive for muscularity (men only), and internalisation of appearance ideals. Exploratory factor analyses with a Malay subsample indicated that BAS-2 scores reduced to a single dimension with all 10 items in women and men, although the factor structure was similar but not identical across sex. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-dimensional factor structure had adequate fit following modifications. BAS-2 scores were partially scalar invariant across sex (with no significant sex differences) and ethnicity (Malay participants had significantly higher body appreciation than Chinese participants), as well as had adequate internal consistency. Evidence of construct and incremental validity was also provided through associations with additional measures and the prediction of subjective happiness over-and-above other variables, respectively. The availability of the Malay BAS-2 should help advance research on the body appreciation construct in Malay-speaking populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-75
Number of pages10
JournalBody Image
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Malaysia/ethnology
  • Male
  • Psychometrics/instrumentation
  • Translations

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