Extinction dynamics and evolution of a survivability-based multi-level food-web model

B. W. Berger, C. J. Boulter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A multi-level evolution model where forced extinctions occur throughout the system based on a species fitness value (or survivability) is developed that is essentially the fusion of the evolution model of Bak and Sneppen and the food-web model of Amaral and Meyer. This model is found to describe the fossil record and behave as a self-organized critical system with a power law exponent of approximately 2, but is also found to be remarkably similar to a model that causes the forced extinctions randomly throughout the system. To explain this result we show that fitness is nearly randomly distributed with a slight peak in forced extinction (due to fitness) in the middle levels. These findings lend strong support to the hypothesis that coextinction effects (propagated through a food-web) provide a robust explanation of the fossil record, independent of the mechanism for species competition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4717-4732
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume16
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2002

Keywords

  • Avalanches
  • Evolution
  • Self-organized criticality

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