Extending the GC-SAFT-VR approach to associating functional groups: Alcohols, aldehydes, amines and carboxylic acids

M. Carolina dos Ramos, Jessica D. Haley, Joel R. Westwood, Clare McCabe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The statistical associating fluid theory is a widely used molecular-based equation of state that has been successfully applied to study a broad range of fluid systems. It provides a framework in which the effects of molecular shape and interactions on the thermodynamics and phase behavior of fluids can be separated and quantified. In the original approach, molecules were modeled as chains composed of identical segments; the heterogeneity of molecules in terms of structure and functional groups was described implicitly through effective parameters. To overcome this limitation, in recent works [Peng et al. Fluid Phase Equilib. 227(2), 131 (2009); Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 49(3), 1378 (2010)] the GC-SAFT-VR approach has been developed to extend the theory to model chains composed of segments of different size and/or energy of interaction and enable the development of a group-contribution approach within the SAFT-VR framework in which molecular heterogeneity and connectivity is explicitly accounted for. The parameters for several key functional groups (CH3, CH2, CH, CH2CH, CO, C6H5, esters, ethers, cis-alkenes and trans-alkenes groups) were determined by fitting to experimental vapor pressure and saturated liquid density data for a number of small molecules containing the functional groups of interest and transferability of the parameters tested by comparing the theoretical predictions with experimental data for pure fluids not included in the fitting process and binary mixtures of both simple fluids and the VLE and LLE of small molecules in polymer systems. In this work, we further extend the applicability of the GC-SAFT-VR approach through the study of the vapor-liquid phase behavior of associating systems, such as linear and branched alcohols, primary and secondary amines, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids, and their mixtures. In the study of these new molecules several new functional groups (OH (linear and branched), HCO, NH2, NH and COOH) are defined and their molecular parameters characterized. The transferability of the parameters is again tested by comparing the theoretical predictions with experimental data for pure fluids and binary mixtures not included in the fitting process. The GC-SAFT-VR approach is found to predict the phase behavior of the systems studied in most cases in good agreement with experimental data and accurately captures the effects of changes in structure and molecular composition on phase behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-111
Number of pages15
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume306
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohols
  • Aldehydes
  • Amines
  • Association
  • Carboxylic acids
  • Equation of state
  • GC-SAFT-VR
  • Group contribution
  • Vapor-liquid equilibria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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