Experiments of an IoT-based wireless sensor network for flood monitoring in Colima, Mexico

O. Mendoza-Cano*, R. Aquino-Santos, J. López-De la Cruz, Robert M. Edwards, A. Khouakhi, I. Pattison, V. Rangel-Licea, E. Castellanos-Berjan, M. A. Martinez-Preciado, P. Rincón-Avalos, P. Lepper, A. Gutiérrez-Gómez, J. M. Uribe-Ramos, J. Ibarreche, I. Perez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
167 Downloads (Pure)


Urban flooding is one of the major issues in many parts of the world, and its management is often challenging. One of the challenges highlighted by the hydrology and related communities is the need for more open data and monitoring of floods in space and time. In this paper, we present the development phases and experiments of an Internet of Things (IoT)-based wireless sensor network for hydrometeorological data collection and flood monitoring for the urban area of Colima-Villa de Álvarez in Mexico. The network is designed to collect fluvial water level, soil moisture and weather parameters that are transferred to the server and to a web application in real-time using IoT Message Queuing Telemetry Transport protocol over 3G and Wi-Fi networks. The network is tested during three different events of tropical storms that occurred over the area of Colima during the 2019 tropical cyclones season. The results show the ability of the smart water network to collect real-time hydrometeorological information during extreme events associated with tropical storms. The technology used for data transmission and acquisition made it possible to collect information at critical times for the city. Additionally, the data collected provided essential information for implementing and calibrating hydrological models and hydraulic models to generate flood inundation maps and identify critical infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-401
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Hydroinformatics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • Digital water network
  • Early warning systems
  • Flooding
  • Tropical storms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Atmospheric Science


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