Experimental Detection of Quantum Channel Capacities

Álvaro Cuevas, Massimiliano Proietti, Mario Arnolfo Ciampini, Stefano Duranti, Paolo Mataloni, Massimiliano F. Sacchi, Chiara Macchiavello

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Abstract

We present an efficient experimental procedure that certifies nonvanishing quantum capacities for qubit noisy channels. Our method is based on the use of a fixed bipartite entangled state, where the system qubit is sent to the channel input. A particular set of local measurements is performed at the channel output and the ancilla qubit mode, obtaining lower bounds to the quantum capacities for any unknown channel with no need of quantum process tomography. The entangled qubits have a Bell state configuration and are encoded in photon polarization. The lower bounds are found by estimating the Shannon and von Neumann entropies at the output using an optimized basis, whose statistics is obtained by measuring only the three observables σx-σx, σy-σy, and σz-σz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100502
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume119
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Cuevas, Á., Proietti, M., Ciampini, M. A., Duranti, S., Mataloni, P., Sacchi, M. F., & Macchiavello, C. (2017). Experimental Detection of Quantum Channel Capacities. Physical Review Letters, 119(10), [100502]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.100502