Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light

Patrick J. Clarke, Robert J. Collins, Vedran Dunjko, Erika Andersson, John Jeffers, Gerald S. Buller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Digital signatures are frequently used in data transfer to prevent impersonation, repudiation and message tampering. Currently used classical digital signature schemes rely on public key encryption techniques, where the complexity of so-called ‘one-way’ mathematical functions is used to provide security over sufficiently long timescales. No mathematical proofs are known for the long-term security of such techniques. Quantum digital signatures offer a means of sending a message, which cannot be forged or repudiated, with security verified by information-theoretical limits and quantum mechanics. Here we demonstrate an experimental system, which distributes quantum signatures from one sender to two receivers and enables message sending ensured against forging and repudiation. Additionally, we analyse the security of the system in some typical scenarios. Our system is based on the interference of phase-encoded coherent states of light and our implementation utilizes polarization maintaining optical fibre and photons with a wavelength of 850 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1174
JournalNature Communications
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Optical Fibers
Systems Analysis
Mechanics
Photons
Light

Cite this

@article{6984a4d0afe847e9a90aa4f76b9020ba,
title = "Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light",
abstract = "Digital signatures are frequently used in data transfer to prevent impersonation, repudiation and message tampering. Currently used classical digital signature schemes rely on public key encryption techniques, where the complexity of so-called ‘one-way’ mathematical functions is used to provide security over sufficiently long timescales. No mathematical proofs are known for the long-term security of such techniques. Quantum digital signatures offer a means of sending a message, which cannot be forged or repudiated, with security verified by information-theoretical limits and quantum mechanics. Here we demonstrate an experimental system, which distributes quantum signatures from one sender to two receivers and enables message sending ensured against forging and repudiation. Additionally, we analyse the security of the system in some typical scenarios. Our system is based on the interference of phase-encoded coherent states of light and our implementation utilizes polarization maintaining optical fibre and photons with a wavelength of 850 nm.",
author = "Clarke, {Patrick J.} and Collins, {Robert J.} and Vedran Dunjko and Erika Andersson and John Jeffers and Buller, {Gerald S.}",
note = "open access",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms2172",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light. / Clarke, Patrick J.; Collins, Robert J.; Dunjko, Vedran; Andersson, Erika; Jeffers, John; Buller, Gerald S.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 3, 1174, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light

AU - Clarke, Patrick J.

AU - Collins, Robert J.

AU - Dunjko, Vedran

AU - Andersson, Erika

AU - Jeffers, John

AU - Buller, Gerald S.

N1 - open access

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Digital signatures are frequently used in data transfer to prevent impersonation, repudiation and message tampering. Currently used classical digital signature schemes rely on public key encryption techniques, where the complexity of so-called ‘one-way’ mathematical functions is used to provide security over sufficiently long timescales. No mathematical proofs are known for the long-term security of such techniques. Quantum digital signatures offer a means of sending a message, which cannot be forged or repudiated, with security verified by information-theoretical limits and quantum mechanics. Here we demonstrate an experimental system, which distributes quantum signatures from one sender to two receivers and enables message sending ensured against forging and repudiation. Additionally, we analyse the security of the system in some typical scenarios. Our system is based on the interference of phase-encoded coherent states of light and our implementation utilizes polarization maintaining optical fibre and photons with a wavelength of 850 nm.

AB - Digital signatures are frequently used in data transfer to prevent impersonation, repudiation and message tampering. Currently used classical digital signature schemes rely on public key encryption techniques, where the complexity of so-called ‘one-way’ mathematical functions is used to provide security over sufficiently long timescales. No mathematical proofs are known for the long-term security of such techniques. Quantum digital signatures offer a means of sending a message, which cannot be forged or repudiated, with security verified by information-theoretical limits and quantum mechanics. Here we demonstrate an experimental system, which distributes quantum signatures from one sender to two receivers and enables message sending ensured against forging and repudiation. Additionally, we analyse the security of the system in some typical scenarios. Our system is based on the interference of phase-encoded coherent states of light and our implementation utilizes polarization maintaining optical fibre and photons with a wavelength of 850 nm.

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms2172

DO - 10.1038/ncomms2172

M3 - Article

C2 - 23132024

AN - SCOPUS:84869460741

VL - 3

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 1174

ER -