Experimental and numerical evaluation of carbonated water injection (CWI) for improved oil recovery and CO2 storage

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the well-known problems in CO2 enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes is the poor sweep efficiency due to the high viscosity contrast between CO2 and the reservoir resident fluids (oil and brine). CO2-augmented waterflooding or carbonated water injection (CWI) could lessen this problem. As CO2 is dissolved in and transported by the flood water, CO2 is more evenly distributed within the reservoir thus improves the sweep efficiency. This is beneficial to watered-out oil reservoirs where high water saturations could adversely affect the performance of the conventional CO2 injections. CWI also provides a very safe method for storing large quantities of CO2 as a dissolved phase in oil reservoirs.

This paper presents the results of our experimental and numerical investigations on the oil recovery and CO2 storage benefits of CWI in secondary and tertiary recovery modes through a series of coreflood experiments and detailed compositional simulation. The experiments were performed in a water-wet Clashach core with decane as well as restored North Sea reservoir core with stock tank crude oil and seawater at reservoir conditions. The experimental results demonstrate that CWI in both secondary and tertiary recovery modes can improve the oil recovery above the plain waterflooding. 45-51% of the injected CO2 was stored in the core at the end of the coreflood tests indicating the high potential of CWI not only for EOR but also as a CO2 storage injection strategy. Results of the corefloods were used to assess the capabilities and limitations of a commercial compositional flow simulator in modelling the CWI process. The simulation results show that diffusion should be taken into account to properly model the CWI process at the core scale. Using the commercially available reservoir simulators with the instantaneous equilibrium and complete mixing assumptions would lead to inaccurate evaluation of CWI process at this scale of interest.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition
Subtitle of host publication23-26 May 2011, Vienna, Austria
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781613994290
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011
EventSPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 23 May 201126 May 2011

Conference

ConferenceSPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period23/05/1126/05/11

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  • Cite this

    Kechut, N. I., Sohrabi, M. S., & Jamiolahmady, M. (2011). Experimental and numerical evaluation of carbonated water injection (CWI) for improved oil recovery and CO2 storage. In SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition: 23-26 May 2011, Vienna, Austria [SPE-143005-MS] Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/143005-MS