Experimental analysis of energy and friction factor for titanium dioxide nanofluid in a water block heat sink

S. S. Khaleduzzaman*, I. M. Mahbubul, M. R. Sohel, R. Saidur, J. Selvaraj, T. A. Ward, M. E. Niza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Heat dissipation is a critical issue in modern electronic components, due to the technological advances that have reduced their size and caused their heat flux to rise. Different types of heat sinks are promising for cooling of such electronics and nanofluid can enhance the cooling performances. In this present work, a titanium dioxide (TiO2/water) nanofluid (with a volume fraction of 0.1%) is prepared by dispersing nanoparticles in distilled water. The nanofluid is then passed through the heat sink at various flow rates (1.00, 1.25, and 1.50 L/min). The interface temperature of the water block was reduced up to 6.40 °C by using the nanofluid, as compared to water. Due to the decline of interface temperature the heat transfer coefficient was improved by 20.82% compared to water. The maximum energy efficiency found 77.56% for nanofluid. Therefore, the titanium dioxide nanofluid is a superior coolant than pure water. Moreover, the heat transfer effectiveness and energy effectiveness were found highest at the minimum flow rate of 1.00 L/min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue numberPart B
Early online date12 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


  • Electronics cooling
  • Energy
  • Friction factor
  • Mini-channel
  • Nanofluid
  • Water block

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental analysis of energy and friction factor for titanium dioxide nanofluid in a water block heat sink'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this