Existence of a supersymmetric massless ground state of the SU(N) matrix model globally on its valleys

Lyonell Boulton, María Pilar García del Moral, Álvaro Restuccia

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Abstract

In this work we consider the existence and uniqueness of the ground state of the regularized Hamiltonian of the Supermembrane in dimensions D = 4, 5, 7 and 11, or equivalently the SU(N) Matrix Model. That is, the 0+1 reduction of the 10-dimensional SU(N) Super Yang-Mills Hamiltonian. This ground state problem is associated with the solutions of the inner and outer Dirichlet problems for this operator, and their subsequent smooth patching (glueing) into a single state. We have discussed properties of the inner problem in a previous work, therefore we now investigate the outer Dirichlet problem for the Hamiltonian operator. We establish existence and uniqueness on unbounded valleys defined in terms of the bosonic potential. These are precisely those regions where the bosonic part of the potential is less than a given value V0, which we set to be arbitrary. The problem is well posed, since these valleys are preserved by the action of the SU(N) constraint. We first show that their Lebesgue measure is finite, subject to restrictions on D in terms of N. We then use this analysis to determine a bound on the fermionic potential which yields the coercive property of the energy form. It is from this, that we derive the existence and uniqueness of the solution. As a by-product of our argumentation, we show that the Hamiltonian, restricted to the valleys, has spectrum purely discrete with finite multiplicity. Remarkably, this is in contrast to the case of the unrestricted space, where it is well known that the spectrum comprises a continuous segment. We discuss the relation of our work with the general ground state problem and the question of confinement in models with strong interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number281
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2021
Issue number5
Early online date31 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • hep-th
  • math-ph
  • math.MP
  • M-Theory
  • Supersymmetric Gauge Theory
  • M(atrix) Theories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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