Evaluation of the effectiveness of water management policies in Bangladesh

Sudip K. Pal, Adebayo J. Adeloye, Mukand S. Babel, Das Gupta Ashim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Water resources development and management policies initiatives in Bangladesh are primarily driven by the need for sufficient food grain production for the country's teeming population and curtailing the perennial flooding problems. It is therefore necessary to investigate whether or not these objectives are being met. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impacts of past water resources development and management strategies on agriculture, food security, flood management and socio-economic development in Bangladesh. The research is based on the historical data of the relevant parameters of the water resources management over the period 1947-2005. The outcomes of the study demonstrate that past policies and strategies of water development have resulted in significant irrigation expansion, especially through intensified groundwater utilization, which has helped to achieve the country's primary objective of self-sufficiency in food production. However, the provision of safe drinking water and sanitation facilities still remains a challenge in the country. Similarly, the impact of the flood control policies was diverse with success mostly apparent with regard to protection against modest events, while catastrophic, extreme events still effectively defying answer. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)401-417
    Number of pages17
    JournalInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
    Volume27
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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