Evaluation of multivariate GARCH models in an optimal asset allocation framework

Nor Syahilla Abdul Aziz*, Spyridon Vrontos, Haslifah M. Hasim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyses plethora of advanced multivariate econometric models, which forecast the mean and variance-covariance of the asset returns to create optimal asset allocation models. Most existing studies use a limited number of Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (GARCH) models. In this study, we provide an in-depth knowledge of large asset modeling and optimization strategies for solving a portfolio selection problem involving the dynamic conditional correlation models (DCC). Specifically, we use symmetric GARCH models and an asymmetric version of it (GJR-GARCH). Several studies have also tried to examine the effectiveness of using parametric copula in estimating portfolio risk measures but their results have been inconclusive. We are interested in evaluating if Copula-GARCH could be an optimal model for assessing the performance of a portfolio. This study, therefore, implemented various Copula-GARCH based models using the static and dynamic estimation of the correlation. By employing different model specifications, we are able to explore the empirical applicability of the multivariate GARCH models when estimating large conditional covariance matrices. In constructing the optimal portfolios, we evaluate the minimum variance, mean-variance, maximising Sharpe ratio, mean-CVaR, and maximization of Sortino ratio. We compare the out-of-sample performance for each of the models based on the risk-adjusted performance for a portfolio with and without short sales, consisting eight stocks and four bond indices of 10 years maturity, in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Canada and Hong Kong. Our results suggest that the dynamic models are more capable of delivering better performance gains than the static models. These models reduce portfolio risk and improve the realized return in the out-of-sample period. This paper concludes that by adding copula functions to the model, it does not give a better performance model when compared to the dynamic correlation model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-596
Number of pages29
JournalNorth American Journal of Economics and Finance
Early online date14 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Asset allocation
  • Asset management
  • Copula
  • Dynamic conditional correlation
  • Portfolio optimisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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