This paper uses a market potential approach to examine the evolution of the rail transport network of China and its spatial distributional impacts on local accessibility, with a particular focus on high-speed rail improvements. Accessibility is measured by using a “market potential” function that was derived from the general equilibrium model of the economic geography literature, and is empirically calculated based on Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques. A key finding, albeit from a highly stylized model, is that rail improvements may help raise territorial polarizing patterns across counties. The results point to the profound implications of railroad network expansion on the accessibility dynamics in periphery regions relative to core regions.
Wu, W., Liang, Y., & Wu, D. (2016). Evaluating the Impact of China’s Rail Network Expansions on Local Accessibility: A Market Potential Approach. Sustainability, 8(6), . https://doi.org/10.3390/su8060512