Environmental risks and performance assessment of carbon dioxide (CO2) leakage in marine ecosystems

J. Blackford, S. Widdicombe, D. Lowe, Baixin Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter describes the state of the current understanding of the potential for CO 2 leaked from carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) to impact the marine ecosystem. This is a complex problem as it requires an understanding of physical dispersion, the behaviour of plumes, marine chemistry, organism physiology and ecological relationships. Aside from predicting the likelihood of a leak event, the key issue is to understand the spread, persistence and impact of a hypothetical CCS derived leak and contrast this with, for example, trawling impacts and the global long-term consequences of climate change and the uptake of anthropogenically created atmospheric CO2 (ocean acidification), which CCS seeks to mitigate. Excess CO 2 in the marine system is undoubtedly harmful to many organisms. In the vicinity of a leak event, it is likely that significant ecological alteration would occur. Initial research indicates that only persistent leaks of a significant proportion of reservoir capacities would cause widespread and unacceptable impacts. However, much more research is required to determine critical leak magnitudes, within sediment interactions and ecosystem recovery before any comprehensive risk assessment of CCS can be delivered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopments and Innovation in Carbon Dioxide (Co2) Capture and Storage Technology
PublisherWoodhead Publishing Ltd.
Pages344-373
Number of pages30
ISBN (Print)9781845697976
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide capture and storage
  • CO
  • Ecosystem
  • Environment
  • Leakage
  • Marine
  • PH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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    Blackford, J., Widdicombe, S., Lowe, D., & Chen, B. (2010). Environmental risks and performance assessment of carbon dioxide (CO2) leakage in marine ecosystems. In Developments and Innovation in Carbon Dioxide (Co2) Capture and Storage Technology (pp. 344-373). Woodhead Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781845699581.3.344