Enhancing the out-of-plane behaviour of unreinforced masonry walls under impact loading through the use of partially bonded layers of engineered cementitious composite

Saeed Pourfalah, Demetrios M. Cotsovos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Published experimental work reveals that the out-of-plane behaviour of unreinforced masonry walls under impact loading can be significantly enhanced through the use of engineered cementitious composite layers fully bonded to the surface of the masonry. The disadvantage of this method is associated with the localised cracking exhibited by the engineered cementitious composite layer close to the joints forming between bricks. This cracking is associated with the bond developing between the masonry and the engineered cementitious composite layer and does not allow the latter layer to achieve its full potential, thus resulting in its premature failure. In an attempt to address this problem, a series of drop-weight tests were carried on masonry prismatic specimens strengthened with a layer of engineered cementitious composite partially bonded to the surface of the masonry acting in tension. The latter prismatic specimens consist of a stack of bricks connected with mortar joints. The specimens are considered to provide a simplistic representation of a vertical strip of a masonry wall subjected to out-of-plane actions associated with impact or blast loading. Analysis of the test data reveals that under impact loading, the specimens retrofitted with partially bonded engineered cementitious composite layers can exhibit a more ductile performance compared to that exhibited by the same specimens when strengthened with fully bonded layers of engineered cementitious composite. This is attributed to the fact that along its unbonded length, the engineered cementitious composite layer is subjected to purely uniaxial tension (free from any interaction with the surface of the masonry), allowing for the development of multiple uniformly distributed fine cracks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Protective Structures
Early online date4 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Blast
  • cracking
  • drop-weight testing
  • ductility
  • Engineered cementitious composite
  • impact loading
  • masonry wall
  • out-of-plane behaviour
  • retrofitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing the out-of-plane behaviour of unreinforced masonry walls under impact loading through the use of partially bonded layers of engineered cementitious composite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this