Enhanced conformal perfectly matched layers for Bernstein–Bézier finite element modelling of short wave scattering

A. El Kacimi, O. Laghrouche, D. Ouazar, M. S. Mohamed, M. Seaid, J. Trevelyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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The aim of this paper is to accurately solve short wave scattering problems governed by the Helmholtz equation using the Bernstein–Bézier Finite Element method (BBFEM), combined with a conformal perfectly matched layer (PML). Enhanced PMLs, where curved geometries are represented by means of the blending map method of Gordon and Hall, are numerically investigated. In particular, the performance of radial and elliptical shaped PMLs, with a parabolic absorption function, are assessed and compared in terms of accuracy against second order Bayliss–Gunzberger–Turkel (BGT2) based local absorbing boundary conditions. Numerical results dealing with problems of Hankel source radiation and wave scattering by a rigid cylinder show that the radial shaped PML, with the h and p versions of BBFEM, enables the recovery of the predicted algebraic and exponential convergence rates of a high order finite element method (FEM). Furthermore, radial shaped BGT 2 and PML have a similar performance, as long as the wave is not sufficiently well resolved. But, BGT2 performs poorly as the wave resolution increases. Additionally, the effect of harmonics of higher modes on accuracy is examined. The study reveals that the PML outperforms BGT2 for almost all propagating modes. However, a similar performance is achieved with both methods either with higher modes or a low wave resolution. Results from a multiple scattering benchmark problem provide evidence of the good performance of the proposed PMLs and the benefit of elliptical shaped PMLs in reducing significantly the size of the computational domain, without altering accuracy. The choice of the PML parameters ensuring optimal performance is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-638
Number of pages25
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Early online date8 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • Absorbing boundary condition
  • Bernstein–Bézier
  • Finite elements
  • Helmholtz equation
  • High frequency
  • Perfectly matched layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications


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