Energy Beamforming Design and User Cooperation for Wireless Powered Communication Networks

Zheng Chu, Fuhui Zhou, Zhengyu Zhu, Mengwei Sun, Naofal Al-Dhahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate user cooperation (UC) for wireless powered communication networks (WPCN), where two single-antenna users are first wirelessly powered by a multi-antenna hybrid access point (H-AP), and then cooperatively transmit information signal to this H-AP via the harvested energy. To incorporate user fairness in the system performance, we formulate the weighted sum-rate maximization (WSRM) problem for both users to jointly optimize the energy beamforming vector, time allocation, and power allocation. Due to the non-convexity of this problem, we propose two UC schemes by employing a series of efficient variable substitutions and semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation to solve this problem. In addition, we show that the solution obtained via our proposed scheme can achieve the global optimum by exploiting the rank-one characteristic of the energy beamforming matrix. Finally, numerical results are provided to validate our proposed schemes, which quantifies the impact of UC schemes by comparing them with the non-cooperative scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Early online date14 Aug 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Aug 2017


  • Array signal processing
  • Communication networks
  • cooperative communications
  • Electronic mail
  • Energy exchange
  • energy harvesting.
  • Resource management
  • Transmitting antennas
  • user cooperation (UC)
  • Wireless communication
  • Wireless powered communication network (WPCN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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