Enabling Nanoparticle Networking in Semicrystalline Polymer Matrices

Jasmeet Kaur, Ji Hoon Lee, David G. Bucknall, Meisha L. Shofner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the physical and chemical attributes of the nanocomposite components and their interactions that contribute to the ultimate material properties, nanoparticle arrangement in the matrix is a key contributing factor that has been targeted through materials choices and processing strategies in numerous previous studies. Often, the desired nanocomposite morphology contains individually dispersed and distributed nanoparticles. In this research, a phase-segregated morphology containing nanoparticle networks was studied. A model nanocomposite system composed of calcium phosphate nanoparticles and a poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) matrix was produced to understand how polymer crystallization and crystal structure can facilitate the formation of a phase-segregated morphology containing nanoparticle networks. Two chemically similar calcium phosphate nanoparticle systems with different shapes, near-spherical and nanofiber, were synthesized for use in the nanocomposites. The different shapes were used independently in nanocomposites in an attempt to understand the effect of the nanoparticle shapes on crystallization-mediated nanoparticle network formation. The resulting nanocomposites were characterized to establish the effects of component interactions on the polymer structure. Additionally from the viscoelastic properties, structure property relationships in these materials can be defined as a function of nanoparticle shape and concentration. The results of this research suggest that when the nanocomposite components are not strongly interacting, polymer crystallization may be used as a forced assembly method for nanoparticle networks. Such a methodology has applications to the design of functional polymer nanocomposites such as biomedical implant materials and organic photovoltaic materials where judicious choice of nanoparticle polymer pairs and control of polymer crystal nucleation and growth processes could be used to control the length scale of phase segregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3111-3121
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • polymer crystallinity
  • nanocomposite
  • calcium phosphate
  • nanoparticles
  • dynamic mechanical properties
  • phase segregation
  • NONLINEAR VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR
  • CRYSTALLIZATION BEHAVIOR
  • CARBON-NANOTUBE
  • HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • NONISOTHERMAL CRYSTALLIZATION
  • ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY
  • SOLVOTHERMAL SYNTHESIS
  • REVERSE MICROEMULSION
  • POLY(ETHYLENE OXIDE)

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