EMU, EU, Market Integration and Consumption Smoothing

Atanas Christev, Jacques Melitz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Adopting a new approach to the study of the impact of EMU on consumption
    smoothing, we find that club membership tends to smooth consumption. This new, significant effect comes through the promotion of the tradability of goods, capital in particular: specifically, the encouragement of price competition, contestable home markets, ability to borrow and buy insurance at home, and the harmonization of regulations. Some of the consumption smoothing may also depend on EU membership rather than EMU as such but EMU adds to it. As a fundamental part of the analysis, the paper uses a new index of currency union which focuses on the ratio of trade with other countries sharing the same currency relative to total foreign trade.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalOpen Economies Review
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2013


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