Embodied energy and CO2 in UK dimension stone

N. Crishna, P. F. G. Banfill, S. Goodsir

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A process based life cycle assessment of dimension stone production in the UK has been carried out according to PAS 2050. From a survey of eight production operations, on a cradle-to-site basis for UK destinations the carbon footprint of sandstone is 77 kgCO(2)e/tonne, that of granite is 107 kgCO(2)e/tonne and that of slate is 251 kgCO(2)e/tonne. These values are considerably higher for stone imported from abroad due to the impact of transport. Reducing the reliance on imported stone will contribute to emissions reduction targets as well as furthering the goals of sustainable development. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1265-1273
Number of pages9
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Stone
  • Embodied CO2
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Carbon footprint

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