In this paper, we present a novel Bayesian approach for estimating spectral and range profiles from single-photon Lidar waveforms associated with single surfaces in the photon-limited regime. In contrast to classical multispectral Lidar signals, we consider a single Lidar waveform per pixel, whereby a single detector is used to acquire information simultaneously at multiple wavelengths. A new observation model based on a mixture of distributions is developed. It relates the unknown parameters of interest to the observed waveforms containing information from multiple wavelengths. Adopting a Bayesian approach, several prior models are investigated and a stochastic Expectation-Maximization algorithm is proposed to estimate the spectral and depth profiles. The reconstruction performance and computational complexity of our approach are assessed, for different prior models, through a series of experiments using synthetic and real data under different observation scenarios. The results obtained demonstrate a significant speed-up without significant degradation of the reconstruction performance when compared to existing methods in the photon-starved regime.
|Publication status||Published - 12 Dec 2019|