Effects of throat sizing and gasification agents in a biomass downdraft gasifier: towards CO2-free syngas production

Ahmed M. Salem*, Manosh C. Paul

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The gasification process in a downdraft biomass gasifier is investigated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The aim is to develop a novel approach to reduce CO2 emissions from producer syngas while increasing the higher heating value (HHV). To this end, the effects of varying the throat diameter of the gasifier and gasifying media (air and oxygen) on the performance of gasification are investigated. The results reveal that as the throat ratio decreases for oxy-gasification, more CO, H2, and CH4 are produced, thus resulting in a HHV of 12.1 MJ Nm−3. For the same working conditions (ER, MC, and feedstock), the suggested design/optimum throat ratio of 0.14 is found to reduce CO2 by ∼55% compared to any other higher throat ratios, while simultaneously increasing HHV by ∼20% for both air and oxy-gasification cases. Additionally, the suggested throat ratio increases the gasification efficiency, carbon conversion and producer gas yield by 19%, 33%, and 22% respectively. Therefore, it shows a significant potential for CO2-free syngas production in the gasification process, demonstrating a promising technique that does not require any solvents, catalysts, absorbers, or additional CO2 removal. Lower throat ratios further favour the higher yield of syngas, HHV, gasification and conversion efficiencies, with better gasifier performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10221-10238
Number of pages18
JournalRSC Advances
Volume13
Issue number15
Early online date4 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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