Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal

Shiqi Liu, Shuxun Sang, Jingsheng Ma, Tian Wang, Yi Du, Huihuang Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of supercritical CO2 (ScCO2) on coal micropores play a critical role in determining the CO2 capacity of coalbeds. To investigate the effects of ScCO2 on micropores in coals of different ranks under a range of temperature and pressure conditions, CO2 sequestration processes are replicated using a ScCO2 geochemical reactor. Four samples of coal of different ranks are exposed to ScCO2 and water for 240 h at 62.5 °C and 15 MPa, and CO2 adsorption tests, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction are performed to determine the volume and pore size distribution of the micropores, the types and contents of the organic groups, and the aromatic crystallite structures of the coal samples before and after the ScCO2-H2O treatment. The influence of the chemical structure and the organic groups of the coal on the coal micropores is then studied. Micropores with widths 0.46 nm are pores in the macromolecular structure of coal and are known as intermolecular pores, and their volumes are determined by the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites and the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length. The broken bonds caused by ScCO2 in high-volatile bituminous coal form new aliphatic or aromatic compounds via addition and polyaddition reactions. These processes increase the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites, resulting in a decrease in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm. As the coal rank increases, the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length gives priority to the macromolecular structure of coal after the ScCO2 treatment, resulting in an increase in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm in semi-anthracite and anthracite coal.
LanguageEnglish
Pages96-108
Number of pages13
JournalFuel
Volume242
Early online date7 Jan 2019
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

anthracite
coal
aliphatic hydrocarbon
effect
coal rank
bituminous coal
FTIR spectroscopy
carbon sequestration
X-ray diffraction
adsorption

Keywords

  • Pore volume
  • Specific surface area
  • Organic group
  • Aromatic crystallite
  • Swelling
  • Coal rank

Cite this

Liu, S., Sang, S., Ma, J., Wang, T., Du, Y., & Fang, H. (2019). Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal. Fuel, 242, 96-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.01.008
Liu, Shiqi ; Sang, Shuxun ; Ma, Jingsheng ; Wang, Tian ; Du, Yi ; Fang, Huihuang. / Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal. In: Fuel. 2019 ; Vol. 242. pp. 96-108
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Liu, S, Sang, S, Ma, J, Wang, T, Du, Y & Fang, H 2019, 'Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal' Fuel, vol. 242, pp. 96-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.01.008

Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal. / Liu, Shiqi; Sang, Shuxun; Ma, Jingsheng; Wang, Tian; Du, Yi; Fang, Huihuang.

In: Fuel, Vol. 242, 15.04.2019, p. 96-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal

AU - Liu,Shiqi

AU - Sang,Shuxun

AU - Ma,Jingsheng

AU - Wang,Tian

AU - Du,Yi

AU - Fang,Huihuang

PY - 2019/1/7

Y1 - 2019/1/7

N2 - The effects of supercritical CO2 (ScCO2) on coal micropores play a critical role in determining the CO2 capacity of coalbeds. To investigate the effects of ScCO2 on micropores in coals of different ranks under a range of temperature and pressure conditions, CO2 sequestration processes are replicated using a ScCO2 geochemical reactor. Four samples of coal of different ranks are exposed to ScCO2 and water for 240 h at 62.5 °C and 15 MPa, and CO2 adsorption tests, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction are performed to determine the volume and pore size distribution of the micropores, the types and contents of the organic groups, and the aromatic crystallite structures of the coal samples before and after the ScCO2-H2O treatment. The influence of the chemical structure and the organic groups of the coal on the coal micropores is then studied. Micropores with widths 0.46 nm are pores in the macromolecular structure of coal and are known as intermolecular pores, and their volumes are determined by the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites and the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length. The broken bonds caused by ScCO2 in high-volatile bituminous coal form new aliphatic or aromatic compounds via addition and polyaddition reactions. These processes increase the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites, resulting in a decrease in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm. As the coal rank increases, the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length gives priority to the macromolecular structure of coal after the ScCO2 treatment, resulting in an increase in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm in semi-anthracite and anthracite coal.

AB - The effects of supercritical CO2 (ScCO2) on coal micropores play a critical role in determining the CO2 capacity of coalbeds. To investigate the effects of ScCO2 on micropores in coals of different ranks under a range of temperature and pressure conditions, CO2 sequestration processes are replicated using a ScCO2 geochemical reactor. Four samples of coal of different ranks are exposed to ScCO2 and water for 240 h at 62.5 °C and 15 MPa, and CO2 adsorption tests, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction are performed to determine the volume and pore size distribution of the micropores, the types and contents of the organic groups, and the aromatic crystallite structures of the coal samples before and after the ScCO2-H2O treatment. The influence of the chemical structure and the organic groups of the coal on the coal micropores is then studied. Micropores with widths 0.46 nm are pores in the macromolecular structure of coal and are known as intermolecular pores, and their volumes are determined by the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites and the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length. The broken bonds caused by ScCO2 in high-volatile bituminous coal form new aliphatic or aromatic compounds via addition and polyaddition reactions. These processes increase the directional arrangement of aromatic crystallites, resulting in a decrease in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm. As the coal rank increases, the aliphatic hydrocarbon chain length gives priority to the macromolecular structure of coal after the ScCO2 treatment, resulting in an increase in the volume of micropores with widths >0.46 nm in semi-anthracite and anthracite coal.

KW - Pore volume

KW - Specific surface area

KW - Organic group

KW - Aromatic crystallite

KW - Swelling

KW - Coal rank

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.01.008

DO - 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.01.008

M3 - Article

VL - 242

SP - 96

EP - 108

JO - Fuel

T2 - Fuel

JF - Fuel

SN - 0016-2361

ER -

Liu S, Sang S, Ma J, Wang T, Du Y, Fang H. Effects of supercritical CO2 on micropores in bituminous and anthracite coal. Fuel. 2019 Apr 15;242:96-108. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.01.008