Effects of Biodiesel Saturation Degrees on NOx Emission and FTIR Spectroscopy

Mohd Fareez Edzuan Abdullah, Nadzirah Madzrol, Rolf Willa Patrick Sandin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic characteristics of biodiesel produced from vegetable oils with different saturation degree was investigated in this study. Unsaturation degree, usually determined by the Iodine Value (IV) indicates the sum of double bonds, triple bonds and/or rings. In this work, biodiesels were produced by canola oil, palm oil and coconut oil that have saturation degree of 7.0 wt%. 45.6 wt% and 81.5 wt%, respectively. Biodiesel blends of B10, B15 and B20 were tested in a direct injection diesel engine and the NOx emissions were measured with a flue gas analyser. The NOx emission was increased in all biodiesel cases, where the NOx emission seems to be proportional with the biodiesel unsaturation degree. The FTIR spectroscopy of each biodiesel was analysed with FTIR spectrometer. Each biodiesel produced different FTIR spectroscopy characteristics and the double bond of C=O was the most abundant in highly unsaturated canola oil methyl ester which suggested that FTIR spectroscopy can be suitable to analyse biodiesel characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Science and Process Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016


  • FTIR spectrometer
  • Spectroscopy analysis
  • Biodiesel
  • Saturation degree
  • NOx emission


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