Background: There is conflicting evidence on the effect of exercise on systemic insulin concentrations in adults with type 1 diabetes. Methods: This prospective single-arm study examined the effect of exercise on systemic insulin degludec (IDeg) concentrations. The study involved 15 male adults with type 1 diabetes (age 30.7 ± 8.0 years, HbA1c 6.9 ± 0.7%) on stable IDeg regimen. Blood samples were collected every 15 minutes at rest, during 60 minutes of cycling (66% VO 2max) and until 90 minutes after exercise termination. IDeg concentrations were quantified using high-resolution mass-spectrometry and analyzed applying generalized estimation equations. Results: Compared to baseline, systemic IDeg increased during exercise over time (P <.001), with the highest concentrations observed toward the end of the 60-minute exercise (17.9% and 17.6% above baseline after 45 minutes and 60 minutes, respectively). IDeg levels remained elevated until the end of the experiment (14% above baseline at 90 minutes after exercise termination, P <.001). Conclusions: A single bout of aerobic exercise increases systemic IDeg exposure in adults on a stable basal IDeg regimen. This finding may have important implications for future hypoglycemia mitigation strategies around physical exercise in IDeg-treated patients.
- high-resolution mass spectrometry
- insulin degludec
- type 1 diabetes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism