Effectiveness factors and instability in non-catalytic gas-solid reactions

the effect of solid heat capacity

G S G Beveridge, P J Goldie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Non-isothermal non-catalytic gas-solid reactions of the general type aAgas + Bsolid ? gGgas + sSsolid are discussed, the theoretical treatment being based on the well-known pseudo-steady-state 'sharp interface' or 'shell progressive' mechanism. Reaction rates and rates of mass and heat transfer are developed in terms of the rate of production of product gas at the reaction interface in a sphere of reaction solid. Solution of the dimensionless equations is achieved by finite difference computation. Corresponding equations for the infinite cylinder and the slab are presented. White steady-state mass balances are assumed, a simple transient term is introduced into the energy balance to avoid instantaneous temperature changes, and to rationalise the analysis of instability. The importance of this transient term is illustrated. © 1968.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-929
Number of pages17
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume23
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1968

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specific heat
gases
mass balance
mass transfer
slabs
reaction kinetics
heat transfer
products
temperature
energy

Cite this

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title = "Effectiveness factors and instability in non-catalytic gas-solid reactions: the effect of solid heat capacity",
abstract = "Non-isothermal non-catalytic gas-solid reactions of the general type aAgas + Bsolid ? gGgas + sSsolid are discussed, the theoretical treatment being based on the well-known pseudo-steady-state 'sharp interface' or 'shell progressive' mechanism. Reaction rates and rates of mass and heat transfer are developed in terms of the rate of production of product gas at the reaction interface in a sphere of reaction solid. Solution of the dimensionless equations is achieved by finite difference computation. Corresponding equations for the infinite cylinder and the slab are presented. White steady-state mass balances are assumed, a simple transient term is introduced into the energy balance to avoid instantaneous temperature changes, and to rationalise the analysis of instability. The importance of this transient term is illustrated. {\circledC} 1968.",
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Effectiveness factors and instability in non-catalytic gas-solid reactions : the effect of solid heat capacity. / Beveridge, G S G; Goldie, P J.

In: Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 23, No. 8, 08.1968, p. 913-929.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness factors and instability in non-catalytic gas-solid reactions

T2 - the effect of solid heat capacity

AU - Beveridge, G S G

AU - Goldie, P J

PY - 1968/8

Y1 - 1968/8

N2 - Non-isothermal non-catalytic gas-solid reactions of the general type aAgas + Bsolid ? gGgas + sSsolid are discussed, the theoretical treatment being based on the well-known pseudo-steady-state 'sharp interface' or 'shell progressive' mechanism. Reaction rates and rates of mass and heat transfer are developed in terms of the rate of production of product gas at the reaction interface in a sphere of reaction solid. Solution of the dimensionless equations is achieved by finite difference computation. Corresponding equations for the infinite cylinder and the slab are presented. White steady-state mass balances are assumed, a simple transient term is introduced into the energy balance to avoid instantaneous temperature changes, and to rationalise the analysis of instability. The importance of this transient term is illustrated. © 1968.

AB - Non-isothermal non-catalytic gas-solid reactions of the general type aAgas + Bsolid ? gGgas + sSsolid are discussed, the theoretical treatment being based on the well-known pseudo-steady-state 'sharp interface' or 'shell progressive' mechanism. Reaction rates and rates of mass and heat transfer are developed in terms of the rate of production of product gas at the reaction interface in a sphere of reaction solid. Solution of the dimensionless equations is achieved by finite difference computation. Corresponding equations for the infinite cylinder and the slab are presented. White steady-state mass balances are assumed, a simple transient term is introduced into the energy balance to avoid instantaneous temperature changes, and to rationalise the analysis of instability. The importance of this transient term is illustrated. © 1968.

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 913

EP - 929

JO - Chemical Engineering Science

JF - Chemical Engineering Science

SN - 0009-2509

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