Effect of coolant flow rate on the dynamics of delayed recycle continuous stirred tank reactor

Balasubramanian Periyasamy, Mihir Bhalchandra Khanolkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Numerical bifurcation analysis of delayed recycle stream in a continuous stirred tank reactor was studied using DDE-BIFTOOL. A first-order irreversible exothermic reaction s1→k2,1s2 was considered for analyzing effect of delay on the stability of the delayed recycle system. The non-isothermal CSTR was operated at both infinite and finite coolant inlet flowrates. A constant delay was considered in the recycle stream of CSTR for concentration of reactant, and temperature. DDE-BIFTOOL solver was used for finding dependency of delays on the bifurcation parameters, and its stability characteristics. The bifurcation parameters considered were: (i) fresh feed flowrate, (ii) coolant temperature, and (iii) coolant inlet flowrate. In the absence of delay, the system exhibits the region of dynamic instability for both infinite and finite coolant inlet flowrates. For infinite coolant flowrate, the region of dynamic instability on the reactor temperature was modified as a result of delay by varying either fresh feed flowrate or coolant temperature. The steady-state multiplicity was observed on the coolant temperature by varying fresh feed flowrate at finite coolant inlet flowrate. In the absence of delay, the fold and Hopf bifurcations were observed on the multiple steady-states of coolant temperature. The concentration and temperature delays do not alter substantially the dynamic characteristics of coolant temperature at Tc,in = 298 K. However, delays can alter the region of dynamic instability for coolant temperature when coolant inlet temperature is higher than 298 K. These are the main result of present work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume75
Early online date22 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Coolant dynamics
  • CSTR
  • Delay differential equations
  • Hopf bifurcation
  • Kinetics
  • LMTD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of coolant flow rate on the dynamics of delayed recycle continuous stirred tank reactor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this