Effect of cooking fuel transition on energy demand and GHG emissions in rural households of Nepal by 2050

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Nepal —a least developed country from South Asia— is targeting towards graduating to become a developing country by 2021. In Nepal, approximately 80% of the population lives in rural areas. The energy demand in rural households is dominated (~97%) by the use of emission-intensive cooking fuels such as firewood, kerosene, and cow dung, which is responsible for the significantly high (~25 MtCO2e in 2010) GHG emissions in rural households in Nepal. Therefore, the rural household sector in Nepal must transition to a sustainable form of cooking fuel to reduce its GHG emissions in the future. The objective of the study was to develop an energy-emissions model to estimate and forecast the effect of cooking fuel on energy demand and GHG emissions in the rural household sector in Nepal up to 2050. We showed that Nepal's energy demand would be ~95 TWh by 2050 (1.3 times) than that of 2010 under Business-as-usual scenario. Furthermore, Nepal's rural household sector may reduce 92% of GHG emissions and 84% total energy demand by 2050 as compared to 2010 by transitioning to electricity and LPG based cooking fuel.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2020
Event12th International Conference on Applied Energy 2020 - Bangkok/virtual, Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 1 Dec 202010 Dec 2020
Conference number: 12
http://www.applied-energy.org/icae2020/

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Applied Energy 2020
Abbreviated titleICAE 2020
Country/TerritoryThailand
CityBangkok
Period1/12/2010/12/20
Internet address

Keywords

  • Cooking fuel transition
  • Energy demand
  • GHG emissions
  • Rural household sector
  • Nepal

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