Effect of additive concentration on crystalline surface of ZnO nanostructures morphology for enhanced humidity sensing

Muhammad Arif Riza, Yun Ii Go, Sulaiman Wadi Harun, Siti Barirah Ahmad Anas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) possesses unique nanostructures. Most ZnO nanostructures have yet seen its use as coating for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. The properties of zinc oxide nanostructure can be greatly influenced by different additives added with the precursor. This study reports on the influence of different concentration of hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) additive towards the humidity sensing capability of zinc oxide coated on FBG sensors. The synthesis of zinc oxide nanostructure was through a modified hydrothermal method. Morphology observation has confirmed a unique hybrid of nanoflake, and porous hemispherical growth of zinc oxide accompanied with elemental analysis for validation. Sensor response towards change in relative humidity is improved by 400% with functional range between 40 and 80 RH%. The concentration of HMT to achieve such performance is 0.05 ​M with a zinc acetate precursor. The device shows potency with its hybrid nanostructure when integrated with FBG based humidity sensor. Due to its functional range, it can detect relative humidity contents in the air for various industries. The fabricated sensing device is suited for use in industries with several magnetic equipment and requiring many sensor nodes for mapping of data.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100211
JournalSensors International
Volume4
Early online date26 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Annealing
  • Hydrothermal
  • Hygroscopic
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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