Economic reforms and human development: evidence from transition economies

António Maria Aniceto de Carvalho, Rabindra Nepal, Tooraj Jamasb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Do market-oriented economic reforms result in higher levels of human well-being? This article studies the impact of macro-level institutional and infrastructure reforms on the economic, educational and health dimensions of human well-being among 25 transition economies. We use panel data econometrics based on the LSDVC technique to analyse the effects of market-oriented reforms on the human development index (HDI), as a measure of human well-being, from 1992 to 2007. The results show the complexity of reform impacts in transition countries. They show that institutional and economic reforms led to positive economic effect and significant impacts on other dimensions of human development. We find some positive economic impacts from infrastructure sectors reforms. However, not every reform measure appears to generate positive impacts. Large-scale privatizations show negative effects in health and economic outcomes. The overall results show the importance of the interaction among different reform measures and the combined effect of these on human development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1347
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number14
Early online date21 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Human development
  • Transition economies
  • Institutions
  • market reforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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