Ecological risk assessment for ballast water introductions: A suggested approach

K R Hayes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)


    An ecological risk assessment methodology is suggested as a means to investigate the efficacy of ballast water management strategies, addressing any one of a number of potential endpoints linked to the transport, release and control of non-indigenous marine organisms associated with ballast water. The methodology is based upon the Quantitative Risk Assessment paradigm more commonly employed in nuclear and chemical process industry. The paper advocates a case-specific approach to ballast water risk assessment and provides a general discusion of some of the difficulties that may be faced in such an assessment, illustrated by reference to a hypothetical biocide treatment strategy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)201-212
    Number of pages12
    JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1998


    • Ballast water
    • Introduced species
    • Quantitative risk assessment


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