Dynamics of cementation in response to oil charge: Evidence from a Cretaceous carbonate field, U.A.E.

P. A. Cox, R. A. Wood, J. A D Dickson, H. B. Al Rougha, H. Shebl, P. W M Corbett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil charge is thought to inhibit the growth of cements within subsurface pore systems. We explore this phenomenon in a giant Cretaceous carbonate field from U.A.E., where the oil-filled crest porosity ranges from 10 to 50% and permeability from 0.08 to 830. mD but coeval water leg porosity is reduced to 10 to 23% and permeability to 0.1 to 4 mD. Only 5% of primary interparticle pores (> 30 µm diameter) in the crest are fully cemented, compared to 99% of pores in the water leg.Syntaxial calcite burial cements (>10µm diameter) in the oil leg show 12 cathodoluminescence zones with oil inclusions (n=27) occurring in four of the five final zones. Mean in-situ ion microprobe d18OVPDB data from the oil leg cements range from -1.2‰ in the oldest zone decreasing to -10.3‰ in zone 11, returning to -7.7‰ in the final zone. The oldest distinguishable cement zone in the water leg shows highly variable d18O from -3.6‰ to -9.3‰ with a mean of -7.3‰, and with subsequent zones decreasing to a mean value of -9.4‰ for the youngest cement zone. Decreasing d18O values are interpreted as indicating increasing temperature reflecting burial and the evolution of pore water composition: broadly similar trends in the oil and water legs suggest precipitation under the same general conditions.Unlike the oil leg cements, the final zone in the water leg occludes nearly all remaining pore space. The d18OVPDB of bulk micrite from the water leg shows an average of -7.4‰ (n=9) compared to -6.2‰ (n=10) from the oil leg, suggesting the precipitation of further micrite cement at greater burial depths. We infer that burial cementation slowed in the presence of oil due to a reduction of potential nucleation sites as well as porewater and solute movement within weakly oil-wet pores, whereas continued flow and solute movement through all pores including the micropores (<10µm diameter) enabled extensive cementation in the water leg. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-254
Number of pages9
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume228
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Abu Dhabi
  • Calcite cements
  • Carbonate
  • Diagenesis
  • Microporosity
  • Oil charge
  • Oxygen isotopes

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