Dynamic response mechanism of the galloping energy harvester under fluctuating wind conditions

Ming Xu, Bin Wang, Xiaoya Li, Shengxi Zhou*, Daniil Yurchenko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The galloping energy harvesting technique has been extensively applied to harvest fluid energy and utilize the aeroelastic instability of mechanical systems in a flow field for low-powered electronic devices. However, the flow field is random in the real world. In previous studies, fluid motion was regarded as a deterministic process (i.e., with a constant wind speed). However, to determine the actual dynamic characteristics of the galloping energy harvester (GEH), fluctuations in wind speeds should be fully considered. In this study, the wind speed is separated into a mean component and a fluctuating component with the latter being considered Gaussian white noise. The mechanical and electrical dynamical statuses of the GEH are described by electromechanical coupled equations. The output voltage is decoupled by applying a generalized harmonic transformation and is approximated by the mechanical subsystem status. The mean output power is derived by applying stochastic averaging. The critical wind speed and optimal parameters of the harvester were determined in detail. The presented analytical procedure was verified by Monte Carlo simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108410
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Early online date8 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Fluctuating wind
  • Galloping energy harvester
  • Mean output power
  • Stochastic averaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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