This paper proposes a novel application of a dynamic particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm for determining a maximum power point (MPP) of a solar photovoltaic (PV) panel. Solar PV cells have a non-linear V-I characteristic with a distinct MPP which depends on environmental factors such as temperature and irradiation. In order to continuously harvest maximum power from the solar PV panel, it always has to be operated at its MPP. The proposed dynamic PSO algorithm is one of the PSO algorithm variants, which modifies the acceleration coefficients of the cognitive and social components in the velocity update equation of the PSO algorithm as linear time-varying parameters to improve the global search capability of particles in the early stage of the optimization process and direct the global optima at the end stage. The obtained simulation results are compared with MPPs achieved using other algorithms such as the standard PSO, and Perturbation and Observation (P&O) algorithms under various atmospheric conditions. The results show that the dynamic PSO algorithm is better than the standard PSO and P&O algorithms for determining and tracking MPPs of solar PV panels.
Dunnigan, M. W., Huynh, D., Nguyen, T., & Mueller, M. (2013). Dynamic particle swarm optimization algorithm based maximum power point tracking of solar photovoltaic panels. In Industrial Electronics (ISIE), 2013 IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 1-6). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2013.6563616