A new dual-polarized antenna and array are presented for In-Band Full-Duplex (IBFD) applications, offering high inter-port isolation. The single-element antenna system consists of four H-shape slots, stacked patches for wide bandwidth, and two external hybrid couplers. The multilayer antenna is well matched from about 2.1 to 2.4 GHz and provides high isolation in this frequency range in excess of 60 dB. Two different prototypes are simulated and measured to highlight the design process. In addition, a new and compact hybrid coupler with excellent phase and magnitude stability is also presented for improved antenna radiation and IBFD performances. When compared to other similar types of hybrid coupler and antenna systems, the proposed configurations are simple to manufacture, provide a higher isolation bandwidth (10%), and higher gain of 7.3 dBi with cross-polarization levels of 30 dB or lower. The single-element design was also extended to a 2\times 2 array and studied for different beam steering and feeding scenarios. The operating bandwidths and isolation values offered by these S-band antenna and array systems can support new data link possibilities for beam steering and future low-cost IBFD wireless networks by simple antenna fabrication.
- double-differential antenna
- full duplex
- simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering