Driver performance, rewards and motivation: A simulator study

Terry Lansdown, Stephen J. Saunders

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    It has been suggested that effort invested in a task may be moderated by the perception of the nature of reward offered, e.g., whether social or financial in nature. If levels of payment for empirical work meaningfully influence the effort invested in tasks by participants, the implications may be serious and wide-ranging for the reliability and validity of published data. The study reported in this paper, examines this thesis in a driving context. Thirty-six participants were allocated to either a No payment, Low payment or Medium payment condition in a driving simulator. They undertook both easy and difficult driving scenarios in which performance was measured. Subjective workload and performance results indicated that task difficulty was successfully manipulated with the study. However, in contrast to the previous research in non-driving contexts, participants not receiving rewards were found to perform more poorly and experience increased time pressure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-74
    JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


    • Driver
    • Reward
    • Effort
    • Performance
    • Payment


    Dive into the research topics of 'Driver performance, rewards and motivation: A simulator study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this