Does the Permo-Triassic geomagnetic dipole low exist?

Dunia Blanco, Vadim A. Kravchinsky, Jean-Pierre Valet, Arfan Ali, David Keith Potter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Studies of absolute paleointensity have been conducted on specimens from Permo-Triassic sills from the eastern (areas of the kimberlite pipes Sytikanskaya, Yubileinaya and Aikhal) and northwestern (extrusions near Noril’sk city) parts of the Siberian platform. A total of 341 specimens have been subjected to a modified Thellier–Thellier technique which included partial thermoremanent magnetization checks and multidomain tail checks. The paleomagnetic directions derived from the present set of experiments (D = 107.5°, I = 75.5°, k = 82.8, a95 = 5.3°, N = 10 sills, for the eastern localities and D = 95.1°, I = 71.8°, k = 35.2, a95 = 15.7°, N = 4 outcrops, for the northwestern locality) agree with the directions from previous studies. The specimens from the northwestern sites (Noril’sk) did not provide any suitable result of absolute paleointensity. The mean virtual dipole moment obtained from only the eastern localities has a value close to 6.01 ± 1.45 × 1022 Am2 which is over 50% higher than the results obtained by Heunemann et al. (2004) and Shcherbakova et al. (2005) on northwestern specimens. The discrepancy could possibly be explained by the presence of multidomain grains in northwestern specimens, where previous studies were undertaken, which would reduce the paleointensity estimates at high temperatures. However, the present results lead us to conclude that: (1) the geomagnetic field intensity at the Permo-Triassic boundary was very close to the observed present-day values and as a consequence a dipolelow is not characteristic during this period of time; (2) the Mesozoic dipolelow did not extend to the Permo-Triassic boundary, contrary to previous studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11-21
    Number of pages11
    JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
    Volume204-205
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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    Triassic
    sill
    thermoremanent magnetization
    kimberlite
    extrusion
    geomagnetic field
    outcrop
    pipe
    experiment
    city

    Cite this

    Blanco, D., Kravchinsky, V. A., Valet, J-P., Ali, A., & Potter, D. K. (2012). Does the Permo-Triassic geomagnetic dipole low exist? Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 204-205, 11-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2012.06.005
    Blanco, Dunia ; Kravchinsky, Vadim A. ; Valet, Jean-Pierre ; Ali, Arfan ; Potter, David Keith. / Does the Permo-Triassic geomagnetic dipole low exist?. In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. 2012 ; Vol. 204-205. pp. 11-21.
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    abstract = "Studies of absolute paleointensity have been conducted on specimens from Permo-Triassic sills from the eastern (areas of the kimberlite pipes Sytikanskaya, Yubileinaya and Aikhal) and northwestern (extrusions near Noril’sk city) parts of the Siberian platform. A total of 341 specimens have been subjected to a modified Thellier–Thellier technique which included partial thermoremanent magnetization checks and multidomain tail checks. The paleomagnetic directions derived from the present set of experiments (D = 107.5°, I = 75.5°, k = 82.8, a95 = 5.3°, N = 10 sills, for the eastern localities and D = 95.1°, I = 71.8°, k = 35.2, a95 = 15.7°, N = 4 outcrops, for the northwestern locality) agree with the directions from previous studies. The specimens from the northwestern sites (Noril’sk) did not provide any suitable result of absolute paleointensity. The mean virtual dipole moment obtained from only the eastern localities has a value close to 6.01 ± 1.45 × 1022 Am2 which is over 50{\%} higher than the results obtained by Heunemann et al. (2004) and Shcherbakova et al. (2005) on northwestern specimens. The discrepancy could possibly be explained by the presence of multidomain grains in northwestern specimens, where previous studies were undertaken, which would reduce the paleointensity estimates at high temperatures. However, the present results lead us to conclude that: (1) the geomagnetic field intensity at the Permo-Triassic boundary was very close to the observed present-day values and as a consequence a dipolelow is not characteristic during this period of time; (2) the Mesozoic dipolelow did not extend to the Permo-Triassic boundary, contrary to previous studies.",
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    Blanco, D, Kravchinsky, VA, Valet, J-P, Ali, A & Potter, DK 2012, 'Does the Permo-Triassic geomagnetic dipole low exist?', Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 204-205, pp. 11-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2012.06.005

    Does the Permo-Triassic geomagnetic dipole low exist? / Blanco, Dunia; Kravchinsky, Vadim A.; Valet, Jean-Pierre; Ali, Arfan; Potter, David Keith.

    In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 204-205, 09.2012, p. 11-21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Blanco, Dunia

    AU - Kravchinsky, Vadim A.

    AU - Valet, Jean-Pierre

    AU - Ali, Arfan

    AU - Potter, David Keith

    PY - 2012/9

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    N2 - Studies of absolute paleointensity have been conducted on specimens from Permo-Triassic sills from the eastern (areas of the kimberlite pipes Sytikanskaya, Yubileinaya and Aikhal) and northwestern (extrusions near Noril’sk city) parts of the Siberian platform. A total of 341 specimens have been subjected to a modified Thellier–Thellier technique which included partial thermoremanent magnetization checks and multidomain tail checks. The paleomagnetic directions derived from the present set of experiments (D = 107.5°, I = 75.5°, k = 82.8, a95 = 5.3°, N = 10 sills, for the eastern localities and D = 95.1°, I = 71.8°, k = 35.2, a95 = 15.7°, N = 4 outcrops, for the northwestern locality) agree with the directions from previous studies. The specimens from the northwestern sites (Noril’sk) did not provide any suitable result of absolute paleointensity. The mean virtual dipole moment obtained from only the eastern localities has a value close to 6.01 ± 1.45 × 1022 Am2 which is over 50% higher than the results obtained by Heunemann et al. (2004) and Shcherbakova et al. (2005) on northwestern specimens. The discrepancy could possibly be explained by the presence of multidomain grains in northwestern specimens, where previous studies were undertaken, which would reduce the paleointensity estimates at high temperatures. However, the present results lead us to conclude that: (1) the geomagnetic field intensity at the Permo-Triassic boundary was very close to the observed present-day values and as a consequence a dipolelow is not characteristic during this period of time; (2) the Mesozoic dipolelow did not extend to the Permo-Triassic boundary, contrary to previous studies.

    AB - Studies of absolute paleointensity have been conducted on specimens from Permo-Triassic sills from the eastern (areas of the kimberlite pipes Sytikanskaya, Yubileinaya and Aikhal) and northwestern (extrusions near Noril’sk city) parts of the Siberian platform. A total of 341 specimens have been subjected to a modified Thellier–Thellier technique which included partial thermoremanent magnetization checks and multidomain tail checks. The paleomagnetic directions derived from the present set of experiments (D = 107.5°, I = 75.5°, k = 82.8, a95 = 5.3°, N = 10 sills, for the eastern localities and D = 95.1°, I = 71.8°, k = 35.2, a95 = 15.7°, N = 4 outcrops, for the northwestern locality) agree with the directions from previous studies. The specimens from the northwestern sites (Noril’sk) did not provide any suitable result of absolute paleointensity. The mean virtual dipole moment obtained from only the eastern localities has a value close to 6.01 ± 1.45 × 1022 Am2 which is over 50% higher than the results obtained by Heunemann et al. (2004) and Shcherbakova et al. (2005) on northwestern specimens. The discrepancy could possibly be explained by the presence of multidomain grains in northwestern specimens, where previous studies were undertaken, which would reduce the paleointensity estimates at high temperatures. However, the present results lead us to conclude that: (1) the geomagnetic field intensity at the Permo-Triassic boundary was very close to the observed present-day values and as a consequence a dipolelow is not characteristic during this period of time; (2) the Mesozoic dipolelow did not extend to the Permo-Triassic boundary, contrary to previous studies.

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