Disparity in Pseudohyphal Morphogenic Switching Response to the Quorum Sensing Molecule 2-Phenylethanol in Commercial Brewing Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Scott Britton, Lisa J. Rogers, Jane White, Hedwig Neven, Dawn Louise Maskell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae can undergo filamentous growth in response to specific environmental stressors, particularly nitrogen-limitation, whereby cells undergo pseudohyphal differentiation, a process where cells transition from a singular ellipsoidal appearance to multicellular filamentous chains from the incomplete scission of the mother-daughter cells. Previously, it was demonstrated that filamentous growth in S. cerevisiae is co-regulated by multiple signaling networks, including the glucose-sensing RAS/cAMP-PKA and SNF pathways, the nutrient-sensing TOR pathway, the filamentous growth MAPK pathway, and the Rim101 pathway, and can be induced by quorum-sensing aromatic alcohols, such as 2-phenylethanol. However, the prevalent research on the yeast-pseudohyphal transition and its induction by aromatic alcohols in S. cerevisiae has been primarily limited to the strain Σ1278b. Due to the prospective influence of quorum sensing on commercial fermentation, the native variation of yeast-to-filamentous phenotypic transition and its induction by 2-phenylethanol in commercial brewing strains was investigated. Image analysis software was exploited to enumerate the magnitude of whole colony filamentation in 16 commercial strains cultured on nitrogen-limiting SLAD medium; some supplemented with exogenous 2-phenylethanol. The results demonstrate that phenotypic switching is a generalized, highly varied response occurring only in select brewing strains. Nevertheless, strains exhibiting switching behavior altered their filamentation response to exogenous concentrations of 2-phenylethanol.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberxtad002
JournalFEMS Microbes
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • aromatic alcohols
  • filamentous growth
  • intercellular signaling
  • morphogenesis
  • pseudohyphae
  • quorum sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Virology
  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology

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