Directive 2-D beam steering by means of a multi-port radially periodic leaky-wave antenna

Davide Comite*, Maksim Kuznetcov, Victoria Gómez-Guillamón Buendía, Symon K. Podilchak, Paolo Baccarelli, Paolo Burghignoli, Alessandro Galli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


A multi-fed radially periodic two-dimensional leaky-wave antenna is proposed for the generation of a directional beam continuously scanning in elevation by changing the frequency, and over a discrete number of directions in azimuth when activating different elements of the feeding system. The structure is planar and constituted by a circular grounded dielectric slab loaded with microstrip rings, properly positioned around the sources to support the propagation of an angularly directional surface wave over a sector determined by the corresponding activated feeder. This produces a perturbation of the surface wave, resulting in the generation of a directional leaky wave over the aperture, whose complex propagation constant is described by a single fast backward spatial harmonic. The antenna radiation features are numerically investigated in conjunction with the dispersion analysis of the structure, validated through a conventional generalized-pencil-of-function approach. Full-wave simulations have been developed to design a practical feeder, which is constituted by a circular arrangement of commercial coaxial connectors. The proposed multi-port antenna is validated by means of measurements performed on a microwave manufactured prototype. The design represents an attractive simple and cost-effective solution to achieve a high-gain beam scanning over the three-dimensional space, alternative to more conventional phased-array design based on cumbersome and lossy feeding networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9234047
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number5
Early online date20 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Antenna arrays
  • Beam steering
  • Leaky-wave antennas
  • Pencil beams
  • Tapered leaky waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Directive 2-D beam steering by means of a multi-port radially periodic leaky-wave antenna'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this