Digital Transformation of Education Toward Successful Internships: A Methodology Developed Over Seven Years and Tested During COVID-19

Ali Raza, Maheen Hasib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


Contribution: This article provides a teaching methodology which combines project-based learning, self-regulated learning (SRL), and design projects (DPs) to improve the preparedness of students for computing science-related internships. The methodology is supported by the implementation of the educational technology that transforms the way teaching and learning is transformed to benefit on-campus and off-campus students equitably, during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Background: Success in the workspace is governed by the ability of an individual to learn on-the-job and independently. Online learning has led to a shift from instructor-led learning to SRL. This requires individuals to discipline themselves, and be in control of their learning and education.

Outcome: The success of internships is improved with skills learnt in class through hands-on real-world projects. Both on/off-campus students gain equitable relevant experience. The teaching methodology developed over several years combines project-based learning, SRL, and DPs.

Application Design: The methodology was applied using a flipped classroom approach. The educational technology was used to enhance SRL before in-class learning. This way, in-class rote learning was replaced with hands-on projects. Exam assessments were replaced with DPs where soft skills and technical skills are applied.

Findings: The effectiveness of the developed methodology is measured through quantitative and qualitative evaluation tools. The evaluation demonstrates that combining well-designed education technology for SRL, with in-class project-based learning and DPs, can improve students’ chances in getting high-impact internships.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-253
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Education
Issue number3
Early online date5 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • COVID-19
  • Digital transformation
  • Education
  • educational technology
  • Industries
  • internships
  • Marine vehicles
  • online learning tools
  • Pandemics
  • Problem-solving
  • project-based learning
  • self-regulated learning (SRL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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