Development of sustainable FBG sensor for environmental monitoring through vibration energy harvesting

Muhammad Arif Riza, Faruq Muhammad Foong, Yun Ii Go, Chung Ket Thein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors have been utilized for environmental monitoring applications. FBG sensors operate by creating a periodic modulation in the refractive index within a fiber core that acts as a Bragg wavelength filter for an injected light source. External parameters that disturb the gratings induces a shift in the Bragg wavelength, signifying a parametric change. Normally, the light source of the FGB sensors are powered by conventional batteries. However, this may pose a challenge if the device was to be placed in remote areas where battery replacement can be inconvenient. Hence, the concept of vibration energy harvesting was applied as a solution for a green and sustainable power output. This paper highlights the basic principles of a FBG sensor and proposes a novel electromagnetic vibration energy harvesting design to power the light source of a FGB sensor. The proposed design was shown to be capable of producing sufficient output power for the sensor under a vibration input of 0.05 g.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781538656198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 24 Jul 201925 Jul 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology
Abbreviated titleSENSORS and NANO 2019
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period24/07/1925/07/19

Keywords

  • Electromagnetic
  • Fiber Bragg grating
  • Light
  • Sensor
  • Vibration energy harvesting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation

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