Development of small domestic wind turbine with scoop and prediction of its annual power output

Fan Wang, Luolin Bai, John Edward Fletcher, Julia Whiteford, David Cullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Based on an unperturbed airflow assumption and using a set of validated modelling methods, a series of activities were carried out to optimise an aerodynamic design of a small wind turbine for a built up area, where wind is significantly weaker and more turbulent than those open sites preferable for wind farms. These activities includes design of the blades using a FORTRAN code; design of the nose cones and nacelles, which then constituted the rotor along with the blades; optimisation of the rotor designs in the virtual wind tunnel developed in the first part of the study; and finally, estimation of the annual power output of this wind turbine calculated using hourly wind data of a real Scottish Weather Station. The predicted annual output of the finalised rotor was then compared with other commercial turbines and result was rather competitive.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1637-1651
Number of pages15
JournalRenewable Energy
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


  • Blade design
  • Blade element momentum (BEM)
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Virtual wind tunnel
  • Power output

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