Development of Inherent Safety and Health Index for Formulated Product Design

Rafeqah Raslan, Mimi H. Hassim, Nishanth G. Chemmangattuvalappil, Denny K. S. Ng, Joon Yoon Ten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The numerous formulated products which are introduced to the market consist of chemical ingredients that may cause various safety and health hazards to the consumers. Therefore, it is extremely important to practice a systematic methodology to formulate products with acceptable safety and health performances. This work presents an index-based methodology to assess the safety and health hazards of the ingredients during the early formulation stage of product design. Hence, new inherent safety and health sub-indexes are introduced to improve the current safety and health hazards that are needed in formulated product design. The inherent safety and health sub-indexes are assigned with scores based on the degree of potential hazards. A higher score indicates a higher safety risk or severe health effect, and vice versa. The proposed methodology will greatly assist the users to identify the adverse safety and health effects caused by the ingredients. Hence, it is pivotal to eliminate or reduce the safety and health impacts from product usage. A case study on common ingredients used in the formulation of paint is presented on this study to describe the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104209
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Early online date2 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


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