Development of a system for monitoring tool wear using artificial intelligence techniques

Rui G. Silva, Steve J. Wilcox, Robert L. Reuben

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


The main objective of the work reported here was to develop an intelligent condition monitoring system able to detect when a cutting tool was worn out. To accomplish this objective the use of a hybrid intelligent system, based on an expert system and two neural networks was investigated. The neural networks were employed to process data from sensors and the classifications made by the neural etworks were combined with information from the knowledge base to obtain an estimate of the wear state of the tool by the expert system. The novelty of this work is mainly associated with the configuration of the developed system. The combination of sensor-based information and inference rules, results in an on-line system that can learn from experience and update the knowledge base pertaining to information associated with different cutting conditions. The neural networks resolved the problem of interpreting the complex sensor inputs while the expert system, by keeping track of previous success, estimated which of the two neural networks was more reliable. Mis-classifications were filtered out through the use of a rough but approximate estimator, Taylor's tool life model. The system's modular structure would make it easy to update as required for different machines and/or processes. The use of Taylor's tool life model, although weak as a tool life estimator, proved to be crucial in achieving higher performance levels. The application of the Self Organizing Map to tool wear monitoring proved to be slightly more reliable then the Adaptive Resonance Theory neural network although overall the system made reliable, accurate estimates of the tool wear.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Event2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - New York, NY, United States
Duration: 11 Nov 200116 Nov 2001


Conference2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew York, NY


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