Development of a new method for measurement of the water dew/frost point of gas

Rod Burgass, Antonin Chapoy, Valdério De Oliveira Cavalcanti Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The water content of gas is of importance in a wide variety of areas such as oil and gas, carbon capture and storage, medical, nuclear, food and hydrogen cells. In cases where pressurised gas is being used or transported in pipelines (i.e. natural gas, carbon dioxide, compressed air....) the main reason is that changes in temperature or pressure of gas with fixed water content may result in water condensing. The condensed water may cause a number of issues such as corrosion, ice and hydrate formation. To avoid condensation of water the gas needs to be dried to a level where no condensation will occur at any temperature/pressure conditions it encounters. There are a wide variety of methods and equipment available for making water content measurements in laboratory or industrial processes. The available devices vary in terms of different parameters such as accuracy, long-term stability, sensitivity to contaminants, response time, pressure rating, initial and running costs. This paper introduces a new method that can potentially be incorporated into equipment for use in both laboratory and field applications for accurate dew/frost point measurements at a wide range of pressures. Initial measurements have been made for nitrogen, methane and natural gas and the results have been compared with literature data and model predictions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112873
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Early online date26 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Oct 2020

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