Deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation: a review

J. McGrath*, M. Jimenez, H. Bridle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

341 Citations (Scopus)
306 Downloads (Pure)


Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD), a hydrodynamic, microfluidic technology, was first reported by Huang et al. in 2004 to separate particles on the basis of size in continuous flow with a resolution of down to 10 nm. For 10 years, DLD has been extensively studied, employed and modified by researchers in terms of theory, design, microfabrication and application to develop newer, faster and more efficient tools for separation of millimetre, micrometre and even sub-micrometre sized particles. To extend the range of potential applications, the specific arrangement of geometric features in DLD has also been adapted and/or coupled with external forces (e.g. acoustic, electric, gravitational) to separate particles on the basis of other properties than size such as the shape, deformability and dielectric properties of particles. Furthermore, investigations into DLD performance where inertial and non-Newtonian effects are present have been conducted. However, the evolvement and application of DLD has not yet been reviewed. In this paper, we collate many interesting publications to provide a comprehensive review of the development and diversity of this technology but also provide scope for future direction and detail the fundamentals for those wishing to design such devices for the first time. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4139-4158
Number of pages20
JournalLab on a Chip
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation: a review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this