Determine neighboring region spatial effect on dengue cases using ensemble ARIMA models

Loshini Thiruchelvam, Sarat Chandra Dass, Vijanth Sagayan Asirvadam, Hanita Daud, Balvinder Singh Gill

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10 Citations (Scopus)
85 Downloads (Pure)


The state of Selangor, in Malaysia consist of urban and peri-urban centres with good transportation system, and suitable temperature levels with high precipitations and humidity which make the state ideal for high number of dengue cases, annually. This study investigates if districts within the Selangor state do influence each other in determining pattern of dengue cases. Study compares two different models; the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) and Ensemble ARIMA models, using the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) measurement to gauge their performance tools. ARIMA model is developed using the epidemiological data of dengue cases, whereas ensemble ARIMA incorporates the neighbouring regions' dengue models as the exogenous variable (X), into traditional ARIMA model. Ensemble ARIMA models have better model fit compared to the basic ARIMA models by incorporating neighbuoring effects of seven districts which made of state of Selangor. The AIC and BIC values of ensemble ARIMA models to be smaller compared to traditional ARIMA counterpart models. Thus, study concludes that pattern of dengue cases for a district is subject to spatial effects of its neighbouring districts and number of dengue cases in the surrounding areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5873
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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